Pachuca), formally known as Pachuca de Soto, is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Hidalgo. It is located in the south-central part of the state. Pachuca de Soto is also the name of the municipality of which the city serves as municipal seat. Pachuca is located about 90 kilometres from Mexico City via Mexican Federal Highway 85. There is no consensus about the origin of the name Pachuca. It has been traced to the word pachoa, Pachoacan, and patlachuican.
The official name of Pachuca is Pachuca de Soto in honor of Congressman Manuel Fernando Soto, who is given credit for the creation of Hidalgo state. His nickname" La Bella airosa” city beautiful airy comes from the strong winds that blow into the valley through a gorge in the Northern part of the city. In the native language of the Otomi people, Pachuca is known as Njunthe. The area has long inhabited but except for some green obsidian, mining that Pachuca is famous for began in the mid-16th century, during Spanish colonial rule.
Pachuca remained a major mining center until the mid-20th century, with the city of fate, the UPS and downs of the health of the mining sector. In the middle of the 20th century, a major downturn in mining pushed Pachuca to change its economy based industry as a result of reconstruction the Universidad Autonoma de Hidalgo. Today production is only part of the municipalitys economy. One cultural aspect that makes Pachuca stand out is the influence of the Cornish miners who immigrated here in the 19th century. Many of their descendents remain in Pachuca de Soto and nearby real del Monte, and two that define the city, soccer and a dish called "pastes."