ⓘ Sacramento Mountains, New Mexico. The Sacramento Mountains are a mountain range in the south-central part of the U.S. state of New Mexico, lying just east of Al ..

                                     

ⓘ Sacramento Mountains (New Mexico)

The Sacramento Mountains are a mountain range in the south-central part of the U.S. state of New Mexico, lying just east of Alamogordo in Otero County. From north to south, the Sacramento Mountains extend for 85 miles, and from east to west they encompass 42 miles.

In the Sacramentos can be divided into two parts: a main, Northern part, covering most of the land and terrain above 7.500 feet 2.290 m, and a smaller Eastern part, contiguous with the Guadalupe mountains. Neighboring ranges and landforms include the tularosa basin from immediately West of the main part of the series, Sierra Blanca and the captain mountains in the North-West and North-East, the border hills and the Western edge of the wide river valley of the Pecos to the East, to the Guadalupe mountain in the South-East, and Otero Mesa, which lies South of the main section and the South-Eastern part. In the Rio tularosa and the Rio Ruidoso and, therefore, the route of U.S. 70 to separate the Sacramentos from Sierra Blanca and the mountains of the captain. Located at the foot of Guadalupe mountain national Park Carlsbad caverns, a series of caves that are scattered on rough terrain.

The Western edge of the main part of the Sacramento mountains forms a series of dramatic escarpments leading up to a high ridge that includes the highest named point in the range, the peak of Katie, 9.645 feet 2.940 m. From this ridge the mountains slope gently down to the East, merging with the plains to the West from hell. There are actually two unnamed highpoints of the series, how about 9.695 feet. One is near sunspot above corral Canyon and O. 64. The second stage is on the crest of Benson ridge.

The range is wide East-dipping fault block made up almost entirely of limestone. Gypsum deposits washed from the range are the main source of the gypsum sand that makes up dunes in a National Park white Sands. The Sacramento mountains form the easternmost part of the rift system is concentrated in the rift valley of the Rio Grande. In rock strata in the Sacramentos were originally contiguous with those of the San Andres on the other side of the tularosa basin, and have been separated due to old faults of the basin. Unlike the Sacramento mountains, in neighboring Sierra Blanca igneous complex extrusion.

Most of the main section of the Sacramento mountains are part of the national Park Lincoln, although the Northern part of the area included in the reservation Mescalero Apache Indians. Evidence dates the presence of Apaches in the fifteenth century. The range includes city Cloudcroft, the popular resort town of Ruidoso, also popular for recreation, lies on its Northern edge. The range also includes the national solar Observatory on Sacramento peak, midway down the Western ridge, to the southwest of the peak of Katie. There are numerous Hiking trails in that part of the range, which is located in the Lincoln national forest, there is officially designated wilderness.

In the mountains only home of the Sacramento prickly poppy Argemone pinnatisecta, and from the Federal list of endangered species of plants and Sacramento mountains Thistle the Thistle vinaceum, endangered species.