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Ngarla

Norman Tindale estimated their territory, to the west of Port Hedland, at around 2.000 square miles 5.200 km 2, describing it as lying along the coast to the west of Solitary Island as far as the mouth of the De Grey River. He set their upriver b ...

Ngarlawangga

The Ngarlawongga, or more properly Ngarla, were an indigenous Australian people of the inland Mid West region of Western Australia. They are not to be confused with the Ngarla who live on the coast.

Ngarluma

The Ngarluma are an Indigenous Australian people of the western Pilbara area of northwest Australia. They are coastal dwellers of the area around Roebourne and Karratha inland to the Millstream-Chichester National Park.

Ngombal

Adequate documentation of the Ngombal language is lacking, but the evidence suggests it was one of the Nyulnyulan languages, with William McGregor speculating that it may have belonged to the western branch.

Ngurlipartu

Norman Tindale assigned the Ngolibardu a territorial domain of roughly 3.300 square miles 8.500 km 2. They were on the Rudall River, whose waters at Kalamilji were a final refuge in times of extreme drought. From the Rudall their land ran north a ...

Ngurlu

The Ngurlu lands, according to Tindale, extended over roughly 5.000 square miles 13.000 km 2 from Menzies to Malcolm. Their northwestern frontier ran to Mount Ida. Their eastern limits were around Lake Raeside and Yerilla, and the ephemeral salt ...

Nimanburru

The Nimanburu language was one of the Nyulnyulan languages. Their speech was described by other aboriginal informants as a heavy dialect of the language spoken by the Warrwa.

Ninanu

According to Norman Tindale, the Ninanus tribal lands covered roughly 4.500 square miles 12.000 km 2 on both the Lyons and North Lyons rivers, extending west as far as the vicinity of Mount Phillips and Peedawarra Bluff. Their eastern boundary la ...

Njakinjaki

Njakinjaki traditional territory embraced some 12.000 square miles 31.000 km 2 of land. They were east of Lake Grace, at Newdegate, Mount Stirling, Bruce Rock, Kellerberrin, and Merredin. Their western frontier was through to Jitarning. Their sou ...

Nokaan

The Nokaan dwelt on the plateau west of the Murchison, at least as far south from Curbur to Yallalong and Coolcalaya. Their inland extension to the south went close to Northampton. According to Norman Tindale, who estimated their lands as embraci ...

Nyamal

A version of Nyamal became the basis of a pidgin used among workers on pearling luggers in the late 19th century, and was spoken several hundred miles away, was Ngarluma One Nyamal word has entered English, kaluta, the common term now used to ref ...

Nyangumarta people

The Nyangumarta people, also written Njaŋumada, are a nation of Australian Aborigines from the northwestern coast of Western Australia. According to Norman Tindale, they are divided into two distinct branches, the Kundal and the Iparuka.

Nyigina

The Nyikina people are an indigenous Australian people of northern Western Australia. They come from the lower Fitzroy River.

Nyulnyul people

According to Norman Tindale, the Nyulnyul held sway over some 500 square miles 1.300 km 2 of tribal land. They were located on the western side of the Dampier Peninsula. Historically, the pressure of the Nimanburu led to them ceding ground on the ...

Pindiini

The Pitjantjatjara referred to the Pindiini as Wonggai, a term that implies they were given to thievery, wonggai being a word used to indicate mice pilfering flour. The real Pindiini began to object to this Pitjantjatjara exonym several years lat ...

Pini people

Norman Tindale estimated Pini tribal lands to have encompassed approximately 14.000 square miles 36.000 km 2, west of Lake Carnegie and the ephemeral Lake Wells to its south. The land took in Erlistoun Creek and Lake Darlot. Their northern fronti ...

Putijarra

Putidjara territory, in Norman Tindales estimation extended over 20.000 square miles 52.000 km 2. They were to be found south of Lake George, and east to Kolajuru, and beyond the southeast of Lake Disappointment, latterly at Mendel in the directi ...

Tedei

Tedei land consisted of some 3.100 square miles 8.000 km 2 extending from the east coast of Shark Bay through to the Wooramel River valleys headwaters as far as Pimbie, Carey Downs and the vicinity of Towrana. It included the coastal area north o ...

Tenma people

The Tenma were a small tribe located around the head of the Henry River, the Barlee Range and the Frederick River. Norman Tindale assigned them an estimated 2.300 square miles 6.000 km 2 of traditional tribal land.

Thalandji

Thalandji lands, according to Norman Tindale, encompassed approximately 4.500 square miles 12.000 km 2, running along the Ashburton River, and extending from the coast to Nanutarra, Boolaloo, and the lower Henry River. Tindale thought that their ...

Tharrkari

The Tharrkaris traditional lands were calculated by Norman Tindale to have covered from 3.200 square miles 8.300 km 2, including the coastal plain south of the Lyndon River and Lyndon Station, to west of Round Hill, and running east as far as Hil ...

Tjalkadjara

The Tjalkadjaras tribal homelands lay northeast of Laverton as far as Lake Throssell. Their confines were in the vicinity of Darlot to the west, and to the north, around Lake Wells. Norman Tindale estimated their tribal lands as once having cover ...

Tjeraridjal

The Tjeraridjal are an indigenous people of the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia. Horton treats them as synonymous with the Nyanganyatjara, or it may be that they speak the same dialect of the Western Desert Language.

Tjuroro people

2.200 square miles 5.700 km 2 along and southeast of the Ashburton River from Kooline to Ashburton Downs and Turee Creek junction. Their northern extension went as far as the slopes overlooking the Pilbaras Hardey River. They also hunted as far n ...

Umiida

The Umiida spoke one of the dialects of the western Worrorra language. What little is known of it, and Ungarrangu, was taken down by Howard Coate in the 1960s.

Unggarrangu

The Unggarranggu by Norman Tindales estimate had a domain extending over roughly 400 square miles 1.000 km 2, ranging from the northeastern area of King Sound, the eastern side of Stokes Bay, and reaching north as far as Crawford Bay. They also w ...

Unggumi

Norman Tindale estimated that the Unggumis territorial lands stretched over some 3.800 square miles 9.800 km 2, centered on the upper limestone range and plateaus in and around the Leopold Range. They occupied the area south of the Isdell River g ...

Wadjarri

Wadjari lands located in the Mid West region, encompass an estimated 35.000 square miles 91.000 km 2. The northern borders range as far as the hills above Lyons River headwaters, including Mount Isabella and the Teano and Waldburg ranges. The upp ...

Waljen

The Waljen lands in Norman Tindales estimation covered roughly 6.000 square miles 16.000 km 2, taking in the area of Lake Raeside, and extending from Malcolm, Morgans, Laverton, and Burtville. Their southeastern boundary was around Edjudina Soaks ...

Walmadjari

The two names reflect different Walmadjari preferences. Their western bands accept Tjiwaling as an ethnonym for its it a designation peoples neighbouring them further west employ. The eastern bands prefer the Walmadjari autonym, or conversely, de ...

Wanman people

The Wanmans territory waran extends over some 9.400 square miles 24.000 km 2. Their southern boundary lays around the McKay Range and the area of Lake Disappointment. Westwards, it reaches Wadurara on the Rudall River. The northern frontier lays ...

Wardal

Norman Tindale calculated by inference that the Wardals lands covered around 15.000 square miles 39.000 km 2, from Lake Carnegie running west and northwest to Well 11 Goodwin Soak on the Canning Stock Route. Their southern boundaries lay round La ...

Warriyangga

According to Norman Tindales estimation the Warianggas tribal lands stretched over approximately 1.700 square miles 4.400 km 2 in the Gascoyne region, covering areas of the Upper Lyons River, and including also Gifford and Minnie creeks, Edmund a ...

Warrwa

According to Norman Tindales estimate, the Warrwas domains encompassed approximately 3.800 square miles 9.800 km 2, extending along the eastern shores of King Sound from Fraser River to Round Hill on Stokes Bay. Their inland extension reached as ...

Wenamba

The Wenamba ranged over an estimated 10.000 square miles 26.000 km 2. Norman Tindale places them to the north of the Rawlinson Ranges and Lake Neale and Lake Hopkins, extending northwards to the area of Lake Macdonald. Their western limits are se ...

Widi people

The Widi were native to the area between Lakes Monger and Moore. To the north, they were present around Yuin, Talleringa Peak, and Nalbarra. Their western confines ran to Mullewa and Morawa Morowa. Their eastern limits lay at Paynes Find and Woga ...

Wilawila

Norman Tindale gave wilawila as the proper tribal ethnonym, but noted that, according to reports by the missionary Theodore Hernandez, the same group appeared to bear an alternative ethnonym, namely Taib, which Tindale took to be a Wilawila horde.

Wirdinya

Wirdinya lands encompassed according to Norman Tindales calculations, some 6.200 square miles 16.000 km 2, from the Robertson Range as far west as Ophthalmia Range. Their eastern frontier, which is not precisely defined, lay in the area of Savour ...

Wirngir

Norman Tindale estimated their territorial extension to range around 800 square miles 2.100 km 2. They were a coastal people, whose inland borders stopped in the highlands. They were present around Cape Bernier, as far southeast lower Lyne River ...

Worla

Norman Tindale estimated their tribal grounds as extending over about 7.800 square miles 20.000 km 2. The Wurlu occupied the northern side of the King Leopold Range. They lay east of the Isdell Range, and their reach extended northwards as far as ...

Worrorra

The Worrorra language is now considered to be on the verge of extinction. The British-born Australian linguist Robert M. W. Dixons career in Australian Aboriginal languages was first stimulated by his being informed by his tutor Michael Halliday ...

Wunambal

The Wunambal were a people of York Sound. Norman Tindale estimated their tribal domains to encompass roughly 3.800 square miles 9.800 km 2, running north along the from Brunswick Bay, as far as the Admiralty Gulf and the Osborne Islands. Their in ...

Yamatji

Yamatji is a Wajarri word that has at least three different meanings: Any Aboriginal Australian person from the Murchison region of Western Australia. Any group made up of members of different Indigenous Australian peoples, such as a Native Title ...

Yawijibaya

Yawijibaya appears to have been a dialect closely related to the Worrorra branch of the mainland Worrorran language family, and similar to Umiida and Unggarrangu. Though little is known of it, a brief grammar survives, written up by the missionar ...

Yawuru

A Japanese linguist, Hosokawa Kōmei 細川弘明, compiled the first basic dictionary of the Yawuru language in 1988, and followed it up with a comprehensive descriptive grammar in 2011.

Yeidji

In contemporary accounts, the Yeidji are often called Gwini people. Norman Tindale, writing in 1974, maintained that Gwini was a directional term meaning easterners used by inlanders. The other term, Kujini means those in the coastal lowlands. Th ...

Yindjibarndi people

The Yindjibarndi are an Indigenous Australian people of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. They form the majority of Aboriginal people around Roebourne.

Yingkarta

Yinggarda was spoken from the coastal area around Carnarvon through the Gascoyne River to the junction and southwards to the Wooramel River. There were two dialects, a northern and southern variety, with marked lexical differences.

Yinikutira

Yinikutira, also recorded as the Jinigudira, were an indigenous Australian people who once lived along the Ningaloo Coast in the area of the Exmouth Peninsula in Western Australia now known as the Cape Range National Park.

Barleylands Farm Museum

Barleylands Farm Park and Craft Village is located in Barleylands, Billericay, Essex. It has a wide range of farm animals, indoor play, outdoor play, tractor rides, small rides, birds of prey centre and brand new for 2020 the Nocturnal and Exotic ...