ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 361

Emys

The following five species may be assigned to the genus Emys sensu lato. Emys trinacris Fritz et al., 2005 – Sicilian pond turtle Emys orbicularis Linnaeus, 1758 – European pond turtle Emys marmorata Baird & Girard, 1852 – western pond turtle Emy ...

Anura (frog)

A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura. The oldest fossil "proto-frog" appeared in the early Triassic of Madagascar, but molecular clock dating suggests their ...

Acalyptophis peronii

Hydrophis peronii, commonly known as the horned sea snake, Perons sea snake, and the spiny-headed seasnake, is a species of venomous snake in the subfamily Hydrophiinae of the family Elapidae. The species is endemic to the western tropical Pacifi ...

Imantodes

Imantodes is a genus of colubrid snakes commonly referred to as blunt-headed vine snakes or blunt-headed tree snakes. The genus consists of seven species that are native to Mexico, Central America, and the northern part of South America.

Nassarius

Nassarius, common name nassa mud snails or dog whelks, is a genus of minute to medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Nassariidae. They are scavengers.

Urodela

Salamanders are a group of amphibians typically characterized by a lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, blunt snouts, short limbs projecting at right angles to the body, and the presence of a tail in both larvae and adults. All present-da ...

Uroplatus

For the Australian genera called leaf-tailed geckos, see Phyllurus, Saltuarius, and Orraya Uroplatus is a genus of geckos, commonly referred to as leaf-tail geckos or flat-tailed geckos, which are endemic to Madagascar and its coastal islands, su ...

Chamaeleo calyptratus

The veiled chameleon is a species of chameleon native to the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Other common names include cone-head chameleon and Yemen chameleon.

Aubria subsigillata

Aubria subsigillata, commonly known as the brown ball frog or the West African brown frog, is a species of frog belonging to the family Pyxicephalidae. It has a discontinuous distribution from southern Guinea through Liberia and Ivory Coast, and ...

Boaedon olivaceus

Eli Greenbaum and colleagues described the taxonomy of this species as being "relatively stable for over a century". Auguste Dumeril described this species in 1856, making it the type species of his newly-circumscribed genus Holuropholis. Charles ...

Cornufer vitianus

Cornufer vitianus, commonly known as Fiji ground frog or Viti wrinkled ground frog, is a species of frog in the family Ceratobatrachidae. It is endemic to Fiji. Presumed to be originally a forest species, it is nowadays also found in a range of m ...

Gaboon forest tree frog

The Gaboon forest tree frog, Leptopelis aubryi, is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae. It is found in southeastern Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, western and northern Demo ...

Lepidophyma

Lepidophyma is a genus of lizards, commonly called tropical night lizards. The genus Lepidophyma is one of three genera of night lizards, which are a group of viviparous lizards. There are 19 species of tropical night lizards in the genus Lepidop ...

Paratrygon

Paratrygon is a monotypic genus of the cartilaginous fish in the family of Potamotrygonidae. The sole currently recognized species is Paratrygon aiereba, the discus ray, manzana ray or ceja ray, from the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America ...

Phlyctimantis maculatus

Phlyctimantis maculatus is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. They are silvery greyish-brown with dark brown to black spots, and derive their name from bright red coloring on the ventral side of their hind legs. Adult body length is ty ...

Plectrurus

Common names: burrowing snakes Plectrurus is a genus of nonvenomous shield tail snakes endemic to the Western Ghats of South India. Currently, four species are recognized. They inhabit high elevation montane Shola forests and are usually found un ...

Black baza

The black baza is a small sized bird of prey found in the forests of the Northeast India, the eastern Himalayas, China and Southeast Asia. Many populations are migratory. The races in the Indian region are migratory, wintering in the south of the ...

Black-collared barbet

The black-collared barbet is a species of bird in the family Lybiidae which is native to sub-Saharan Africa. Indigenous names include isiKhulukhulu and isiQonQotho in isiZulu, and Isinagogo in isiXhosa.

Common babbler

The common babbler is a member of the family Leiothrichidae. They are found in dry open scrub country mainly in India. Two populations are recognized as subspecies and the populations to the west of the Indus river system are now usually treated ...

Gilded barbet

It has a total length of c. 20 cm 8 in. As other New World barbets, the gilded barbet is a thickset, relatively large-headed bird with a stubby bill. The upperparts, tail, wings and mask are mainly black. The spotty bar over the greater wing cove ...

Jungle babbler

The jungle babbler is a member of the family Leiothrichidae found in the Indian subcontinent. They are gregarious birds that forage in small groups of six to ten birds, a habit that has given them the popular name of "Seven Sisters" in urban Nort ...

Mariana kingfisher

The Mariana kingfisher is a species of bird in the family Alcedinidae. It is endemic to the Northern Mariana Islands. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and plantations. It was formerly considered a subspecies ...

Orange-footed scrubfowl

The orange-footed scrubfowl is a small megapode of the family Megapodiidae. This species comprises five subspecies found on many islands in the Lesser Sunda Islands as well as southern New Guinea and northern Australia. It is a terrestrial bird t ...

Red-fronted tinkerbird

The red-fronted tinkerbird, is a small African barbet. Barbets are near-passerine birds with bristles around the base of the bill. They have a world-wide tropical distribution. The red-fronted tinkerbird is a widespread and frequently common resi ...

Saw-billed hermit

The saw-billed hermit is a hummingbird from southeastern Brazil, the only member of the genus Ramphodon. It is around 14–16 cm long and is one of the heaviest of the hermits; its straight bill has a hooked tip. It lives in humid forests, where it ...

Western grasswren

The western grasswren, also referred to as the thick-billed grasswren and, formerly, as the textile wren, is a species of bird in the Maluridae family. It is endemic to Australia. It was formerly lumped as the nominate subspecies of the thick-bil ...

White-winged fairywren

The white-winged fairywren is a species of passerine bird in the Australasian wren family, Maluridae. It lives in the drier parts of Central Australia; from central Queensland and South Australia across to Western Australia. Like other fairywrens ...

Ammodytoides

There are currently 10 recognized species in this genus: Ammodytoides kanazawai Shibukawa & H. Ida, 2013 Ammodytoides idai J. E. Randall & Earle, 2008 Ammodytoides kimurai H. Ida & J. E. Randall, 1993 Ammodytoides vagus McCulloch & Waite, 1916 Am ...

Brevibora dorsiocellata

The eyespot rasbora is a small fish belonging to the Family Cyprinidae, subfamily Danioninae, which is known by the common names of ocellated rasbora, hi-spot rasbora, and eye-spot rasbora, an allusion to the marking situated upon the dorsal fin. ...

Gymnammodytes

Gymnammodytes is a genus of sand lances native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the southwestern Indian Ocean along the coast of Africa.

Lined barb

The lined barb is a species of cyprinid fish native to Malaysia and Indonesia where it can be found in swamps, standing waters with submerged grasses and blackwater rivers. This species can reach a length of 5.3 centimetres. It can also be found ...

Micrognathus

Micrognathus is a genus of pipefishes, with these currently recognized species: M. b. brevirostris Ruppell, 1838 thorntail pipefish Micrognathus brevicorpus R. Fricke, 2004 Micrognathus brevirostris Ruppell, 1838 Micrognathus andersonii Bleeker, ...

Amber-colored salamander

The amber salamander, amber-colored salamander, tortoiseshell salamander, or Stejnegers oriental salamander is a species of salamander in the family Hynobiidae, endemic to Japan. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and rivers. It is threat ...

Atelopus glyphus

Atelopus glyphus, the Pirri harlequin frog or Pirri Range stubfoot toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae found in Colombia and Panama within the Northwestern Andean montane forests. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical mo ...

Colostethus panamansis

Colostethus panamansis, also known as the Panama rocket frog or common rocket frog, is a species of poison dart frog. It is found in northwestern Colombia and Panama. It is one of the best studied poison dart frogs; however, until 2004 Colostethu ...

Cortes salamander

Cortes salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is found in the Sierra de Omoa in northwestern Honduras and Sierra de Caral in eastern Guatemala, close to the border with Honduras. The vernacular name Cortes salamand ...

Craugastor monnichorum

Craugastor monnichorum is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to the mountains of western Panama in the Chiriqui Province; the type locality is on the slope of Volcan Baru. The specific name monnichorum honors the Monnic ...

Crotalus stejnegeri

Common name: long-tailed rattlesnake Crotalus stejnegeri is a venomous pit viper species found in western Mexico. No subspecies is currently recognized.

Cryptobranchoidea

The Cryptobranchoidea are a suborder of salamanders found in the United States, China, Taiwan, and Japan. They are known as primitive salamanders, in contrast to Salamandroidea, or advanced salamanders. Some species of the fully aquatic family Cr ...

Dendropsophus subocularis

Dendropsophus subocularis is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is found in eastern Panama and northwestern Colombia to the Magdalena River Valley. It occurs from the sea level to at least 800 m, and perhaps as high as 1.650 m above sea ...

Dermophis parviceps

Dermophis parviceps is a species of caecilian in the family Dermophiidae. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama, and possibly in Colombia, depending on the source. Common names slender caecilian and La Loma caecilian have been coined for it.

Eleutherodactylus eileenae

Eleutherodactylus eileenae is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae. It is endemic to Cuba and is widespread in the western and central parts of the island. Common names Eileens robber frog and Cuban free-fingered frog have been coi ...

Eleutherodactylus emiliae

Eleutherodactylus emiliae is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae. It is endemic to central Cuba and known from the Escambray and Banao Mountains. The species is named for "Emilia", but it is not known who the person in question wa ...

Eleutherodactylus gossei

Eleutherodactylus gossei is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae. It is endemic to Jamaica where it is widespread. An introduced population existed in Bermuda but appears to have been extirpated. The specific name gossei honors Phi ...

Eleutherodactylus pinarensis

Eleutherodactylus pinarensis is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae. It endemic to Cuba and known from scattered localities in the western part of the island as well as from Isla de la Juventud. Common name Pinos robber frog has b ...

Eunectes deschauenseei

Common names: dark-spotted anaconda, De Schauensees anaconda. Eunectes deschauenseei is a non-venomous boa species endemic to northeastern South America. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Gastrotheca helenae

The Helenas marsupial frog is a species of frog in the family Hemiphractidae. It is endemic to the Paramo de Tama on the Venezuelan-Colombian border and occurs in Apure and Tachira states of Venezuela and Norte de Santander Department on the Cord ...

Hyalinobatrachium valerioi

Hyalinobatrachium valerioi, sometimes known as the La Palma glass frog, is a species of frog in the family Centrolenidae. It is found in central Costa Rica and south to Panama and the Pacific lowlands and slopes of western Colombia and Ecuador; a ...

Imitator salamander

The imitator salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to the Appalachian Mountains in the Eastern United States.

Mixcoatlus barbouri

Common names: Barbours montane pitviper., Barbours pit viper. Mixcoatlus barbouri is a venomous pit viper species endemic to Mexico. No subspecies are currently recognized.