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Mantodea

Mantises are an order of insects that contains over 2.400 species in about 430 genera in 15 families. The largest family is the Mantidae. Mantises are distributed worldwide in temperate and tropical habitats. They have triangular heads with bulgi ...

Panochthus

Panochthus is an extinct genus of glyptodont, which lived in the Gran Chaco-Pampean region of Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay during the Pleistocene epoch. It could reach 3 metres 9.8 ft in length and a weight up to 1.500 kilogra ...

Paysandisia archon

Paysandisia archon is a moth of the family Castniidae. It is native to Uruguay and central Argentina and has been accidentally introduced to Europe, where it is spreading rapidly. It is considered the only member of the genus Paysandisia. German ...

Plecoptera

The Plecoptera are an order of insects, commonly known as stoneflies. Some 3.500 species are described worldwide, with new species still being discovered. Stoneflies are found worldwide, except Antarctica. Stoneflies are believed to be one of the ...

Pseudophyllinae

The subfamily Pseudophyllinae contains numerous species in the family Tettigoniidae, the katydids or bush crickets. Sometimes called "true katydids", together with the crickets of suborder Ensifera, they form part of the insect order Orthoptera w ...

Pseudosphinx

Pseudosphinx is a monotypic moth genus in the family Sphingidae first described by Hermann Burmeister in 1856. Its only species, Pseudosphinx tetrio, was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1771. Its common names include tetrio sphinx, giant gray ...

Pyrgini

The Pyrgini are a tribe in the skipper butterfly subfamily Pyrginae. Formerly, when only four tribes of Pyrginae were recognized, the Pyrgini contained the largest number of genera among these. But this overly wide delimitation has since turned o ...

Lycalopex

The South American foxes, commonly called raposa in Portuguese, or zorro in Spanish, are a genus of the family Canidae from South America. Despite their name, they are not true foxes, but are a unique canid genus related to wolves and jackals; so ...

Pyrginae

Pyrginae, commonly known as spread-winged skippers, are a subfamily of the skipper butterfly family. The subfamily was established by Hermann Burmeister in 1878. Their delimitation and internal systematics has changed considerably in recent years ...

Tarachodes

The bark mantises and ground mantises are praying mantises of the family Tarachodidae that are native to the Afrotropics. They are generally light brown but more silvery on the wings. The wings are attractively reticulated, and the veins may be m ...

Tenodera

Tenodera is a genus of mantis in the subfamily Mantinae of the family Mantidae which contains several species of praying mantises. The species in this genus can be found in North America, Asia, Africa, Australia.

Trematosaurus

Trematosaurus is an extinct genus of temnospondyl amphibian found in Germany and Russia. It was first named by Hermann Burmeister in 1849 and the type species is Trematosaurus brauni.

Indriidae

The Indriidae are a family of strepsirrhine primates. They are medium- to large-sized lemurs, with only four teeth in the toothcomb instead of the usual six. Indriids, like all lemurs, live exclusively on the island of Madagascar.

Oristicta rosendaleorum

Oristicta rosendaleorum is a species of damselfly belonging to the family Isostictidae. It was described by Theischinger and Burwell in 2017. Until 2017 Oristicta filicicola was the only species of the genus Oristicta which has now been widened t ...

Abantis paradisea

Abantis paradisea, the paradise skipper, is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae. It is found in KwaZulu-Natal, Zululand, Transvaal, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and from Botswana to Somalia. The wingspan is 40–45 mm for males and 43–55 mm for females. A ...

Acraea pseudolycia

Acraea pseudolycia is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Uganda, Sudan and Ethiopia.

Adelotypa bolena

Adelotypa bolena is a species of butterfly in the family Riodinidae. It is found in Brazil and Paraguay. It is the type species of the genus Adelotypa.

Adelpha boreas

Adelpha boreas, the gaudy sister or solitary sister, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It was described by Arthur Gardiner Butler in 1866. It is found from Costa Rica to Bolivia. The habitat consists of primary and disturbed rainforests a ...

Aletia inconstans

Aletia inconstans is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. This species is endemic to New Zealand. It is found in both the North and South Islands but is considered a rare species.

Amauris albimaculata

Amauris albimaculata, the layman, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in southern Africa. The wingspan is 50–60 mm for males and 62–68 for females. Adults are on the wing year-round with peaks in summer and autumn. The larvae fe ...

Amauris crawshayi

Amauris crawshayi is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Cameroon, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia. The habitat consists of forests. The larvae feed on Ty ...

Amauris hecate

Amauris hecate, the dusky Danaid, scarce monk or black friar, is a species of butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Africa, from Guinea and Liberia to Ghana, Cameroun, Angola, Zaire, Uganda, Southern Sudan and Western Kenya and Sout ...

Amauris inferna

Amauris inferna is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and Tanzania. The habitat consists of forests. Adult males mud-puddle.

Anthene crawshayi

Anthene crawshayi, Crawshays hairtail or Crawshays ciliate blue, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. It is found in Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Sudan, U ...

Anthene definita

Anthene definita, the common ciliate blue or common hairtail, is a butterfly of the family Lycaenidae. It is found in southern Africa. The wingspan is 21–27 mm for males and 24–29 mm for females. Adults are on wing year-round in warmer areas, wit ...

Anthene princeps

Anthene princeps, the cupreous hairtail, is a butterfly of the family Lycaenidae. It is found in Africa. The wingspan is about 22–27 mm in males and 24–29 mm in females. The larvae feed on Albizia gummifera.

Aphrissa

Listed alphabetically: Aphrissa orbis Poey, 1832 – orbed sulphur, orbis sulphur Caribbean Aphrissa neleis Boisduval, 1836 – pink-spot sulphur Caribbean Aphrissa boisduvalii C. & R. Felder, 1861 – Boisduvals sulphur Mexico to Peru Aphrissa flumine ...

Aslauga marshalli

Aslauga marshalli, the dusky purple, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. It is found in Cameroon, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and possibly Nigeria. The ...

Asterope optima

The wingspan of Asterope optima can reach 57–68 millimetres 2.2–2.7 in. The coloration and patterns of this species are quite variable. Usually the dorsal sides of the wings are metallic bright blue with paler margins, while the under sides are b ...

Aulocera

Aulocera is a genus in the subfamily Satyrinae of the brush-footed butterfly family, Nymphalidae. Commonly referred to as banded satyrs, species of the genus Aulocera are endemic to the Himalayas and associated mountain ranges.

Austramathes fortis

Austramathes fortis is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. It was first described by Arthur Gardiner Butler in 1880 from a specimen collected in Marlborough. It is endemic to New Zealand.

Austramathes purpurea

Austramathes purpurea is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. It was first described by Arthur Gardiner Butler in 1879 from a specimen collected in Otago. It is endemic to New Zealand.

Austrocidaria anguligera

Austrocidaria anguligera is a species of moth in the family Geometridae. It is endemic to New Zealand. It is regarded as being uncommon but is frequently confused with Austrocidaria bipartita.

Battus polystictus

Battus polystictus is a species of butterfly from the family Papilionidae that is found in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina. Male and female are less dimorphic than in related species as regards wing shape and pattern, but the male has a p ...

Belenois solilucis

Belenois solilucis, the yellow caper white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae. It is found in Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Angola, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania. T ...

Bematistes scalivittata

Bematistes scalivittata is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia. The habitat consists of montane forests. The larvae feed on Adenia species, including A. stolzii.

Bicyclus angulosa

Bicyclus angulosa, the startled bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found from Senegal to Cameroon, in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Angola, Tanzania, Z ...

Bicyclus anynana

Bicyclus anynana is a small brown butterfly in the family Nymphalidae, the most globally diverse family of butterflies. It is primarily found in eastern Africa from southern Sudan to Swaziland. It is found mostly in woodland areas and flies close ...

Bicyclus auricruda

Bicyclus auricruda, the small marbled bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Guinea, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of ...

Bicyclus ignobilis

Bicyclus ignobilis, the ignoble bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, the Democra ...

Bicyclus vulgaris

Bicyclus vulgaris, the vulgar bush brown, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Senegal, the Gambia, Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, the Repu ...

Bityla sericea

Bityla sericea is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. This species is endemic to New Zealand. It is classified as "At Risk, Naturally Uncommon" by the New Zealand Department of Conservation.

Calcarifera ordinata

The Wattle Cup Caterpillar is a moth of the family Limacodidae. It is widespread in northern Australia, south to Geraldton, Alice Springs and Brisbane. The wingspan is about 30 mm. Adults are creamy brown with lines of dots on the forewings. The ...

Callerebia

Callerebia nirmala Moore, 1865 Callerebia polyphemus Oberthur, 1877 Callerebia suroia Tytler, 1914 Callerebia daksha Moore, 1874 Callerebia kalinda Moore, 1865 Callerebia caeca Watkins, 1925 Callerebia ulfi Huang, 2003 Callerebia baileyi South, 1 ...

Capys connexivus

Capys connexivus, the African protea butterfly, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. It is found in Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Angola and Zimbabwe. Adults are on wing year-round, with a peak from August to November. The larvae feed on Protea g ...

Chalcidoptera

Chalcidoptera contraria Gaede, 1917 Chalcidoptera emissalis Walker, Chalcidoptera atrilobalis Hampson, 1896 Chalcidoptera rufilinealis Swinhoe, 1895 Chalcidoptera thermographalis Strand, 1920 Chalcidoptera alimenalis Walker, 1859 Chalcidoptera ar ...

Charaxes balfourii

Charaxes balfouri is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found on Socotra. The habitat consists of forests at altitudes between 500 and 1.000 meters.

Charaxes borneensis

Charaxes borneensis is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It was described by Arthur Gardiner Butler in 1869. It is found in the Indomalayan realm.

Charaxes cowani

Charaxes cowani is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in eastern Madagascar. The habitat consists of montane forests at altitudes above 1.000 meters.

Charaxes cynthia

Charaxes cynthia, the western red charaxes, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, th ...