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Pixie mandarin

Pixie was developed by Howard Brett Frost at the University of California, Riverside Citrus Research Center in 1927, and was eventually released at 1965 by his colleagues James W. Cameron and Robert K. Soost. Frost tried to cross two varieties of ...

Alexander (grape)

Alexander is a spontaneous cross of vines from which the first commercial wines in America were made. It was discovered in 1740 in the neighborhood of Springgettsbury, Philadelphia, in a vineyard where James Alexander, Thomas Penns gardener, had ...

Baco blanc

Baco blanc or Baco 22A is a French-American hybrid grape variety. It is a cross of Folle blanche and the Noah grape, created in 1898 by the grape breeder François Baco. Folle blanche is its Vitis vinifera parent. Noah, its other parent, is itself ...

Baco noir

Baco noir is a hybrid red wine grape variety produced by Francois Baco from a cross of Vitis vinifera var. Folle blanche, a French wine grape, and an unknown variety of Vitis riparia indigenous to North America.

Beta (grape)

Beta is a winter-hardy variety of North American grape derived from a cross of the Vitis labrusca -based cultivar Concord and a selection of Vitis riparia, the wild riverbank grape, called Carver. It is an extremely cold-hardy grape that is self- ...

Black Spanish (grape)

Black Spanish was originally assumed to be a seedling of an American hybrid grape which resulted from a crossing of the American Vitis aestivalis species of grape with an unknown Vitis vinifera pollen donor. However, just recently it has been rev ...

Blanc du Bois

Blanc du Bois is an American hybrid grape that was created in 1968 by John A. Mortensen at the University of Florida’s Central Florida Research and Education Center in Leesburg, Florida. Mortensen created this variety by crossing various Vitis vi ...

Breidecker

Breidecker is white variety of grape. It is a hybrid grape, an interspecific crossing × Seibel 7053. It can be used to make a German style light white wine with apple and pear flavors. "This cultivar was released by the Geisenheim Research Statio ...

Cabernet blanc

Cabernet blanc is a white German and Swiss wine grape variety that is a crossing of the French wine grape Cabernet Sauvignon and an unknown hybrid grape variety. The grape was bred by Swiss grape breeder Valentin Blattner in 1991. Cabernet blanc ...

Cabernet Cortis

Cabernet Cortis is a dark-skinned grape variety used for wine. It was bred in 1982 by Norbert Becker at the viticultural institute in Freiburg, Germany as part of a programme searching for disease-resistant grape varieties. It received German var ...

Cassady (grape)

Cassady is a grape variety which is greenish-white in color. It is related to the "Fox Grape", Vitis labrusca, and it is an offspring of an open pollination variant of V. labrusca, which means that it is classified as an interspecific crossing, a ...

Chambourcin

Chambourcin is a species of grapevines belonging to the Vitis genus in the flowering plant family Vitaceae. It is a French-American interspecific hybrid grape variety used for making wine. Its parentage is uncertain. The hybrid was produced by Jo ...

Clinton (grape)

Clinton is a red variety of hybrid grape. Its phylloxera resistance led to its being planted in small amounts in the eastern Alps, although it imparts a pronounced foxiness and dark red colour to wine made from its juice.

Couderc noir

Couderc noir is a red wine hybrid grape that was formerly grown primarily in the South West France wine region and around the Gard departement in the Languedoc-Roussillon region. The vine produces high yields and ripens late, creating a wine that ...

Flora (grape)

The white Flora is a California wine grape. It is a crossing of Semillon and Gewurztraminer, both Vitis vinifera varieties, and it was created in 1938 by Harold P. Olmo at the California Agricultural Experiment Station.

Frontenac (grape)

Frontenac is an interspecific hybrid grapevine that is a result of research and cross-breeding by the University of Minnesota. It was grown from a crossing of the complex interspecific hybrid Landot 4511 and a very cold hardy selection of Vitis r ...

Hibernal (grape)

Hibernal is a variety of white wine grape of the hybrid with Vitis vinifera which was developed in 1944, by Heinrich Birk at the Geisenheim Grape Breeding Institute. The variety is a genetic crossbreed of the Seibel 7053 and Riesling clone 239 gr ...

Himrod

Himrod is a white table grape, released in 1952 by the New York Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. It is seedless and known for ripening quickly and its sweet flavor. Himrod is considered very productive and reliable. From himro ...

Ives noir

Ives noir is a red hybrid grape variety that is grown throughout the United States. Named after its propagator, Connecticut wine grower Henry Ives, the grapes pedigree and exact origin are unclear. After Prohibition in the United States, Ives was ...

LAcadie blanc

LAcadie blanc is a white Canadian wine grape variety that is a hybrid crossing of Cascade and Seyve-Villard 14-287. The grape was created in 1953 by grape breeder Ollie A. Bradt in Niagara, Ontario at the Vineland Horticultural Research Station w ...

Landal noir

Landal noir is a red hybrid grape variety that was created during a series of trials between 1929 and 1942 by French grape breeder Pierre Landot at his Conzieu nursery in the Ain department of eastern France. The grape is a crossing of two Seibel ...

Landot noir

Landot noir is a red hybrid grape variety that is a crossing of Landal and Villard blanc. Created after a series of trials between 1929-1949, the grape was introduced to Canada and the United States in the 1950s and today can be found in Quebec a ...

Malverina

Malverina is a grape variety used for making white wine. It was created in former Czechoslovakia by a group called Vine Research Centre Resistant. Malverina is a result of an inter-specific breeding "Rakish" × "Merlan". It exhibits high resistanc ...

Marechal Joffre (grape)

Marechal Joffre is a red inter-specific hybrid grape variety created by French viticulturist Eugene Kuhlmann. Like Marechal Foch, which was also created by Kuhlman, Marechal Joffre is named after a notable French World War I general, in this case ...

Melody (grape)

Melody is a hybrid white wine grape variety produced from a cross of Seyval blanc and a grape called Geneva White 5, which is itself a cross between Pinot blanc and Ontario. Melody produces a light white with notes of peach and honeysuckle, and r ...

Merzling

Merzling is a white grape variety used for wine. It was bred in 1960 by Johannes Zimmermann at the viticultural institute in Freiburg, Germany by crossing Seyve-Villard 5276 with the cross Riesling × Pinot gris. The variety was initially known un ...

Muscat bleu

Muscat bleu is a red Swiss wine and table grape variety that is a hybrid of Garnier 15-6 and Perle noire. The grape was developed in Peissy in the Canton of Geneva by Swiss grape breeder Charles Garnier in the 1930s. Today the grape is used as bo ...

Olmo grapes

Olmo grapes are wine and table grape varieties produced by University of California, Davis viticulturist Dr. Harold Olmo. Over the course of his nearly 50-year career, Dr. Olmo bred a wide variety of both grapes by means of both crossing varietie ...

Ravat blanc

Ravat blanc is a white hybrid grape variety that is a crossing of Chardonnay and a Seibel grape. While the Vitis International Variety Catalogue maintained by the Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breeding list Seibel 5474 as the second parent, M ...

Regent (grape)

Regent is a dark-skinned inter-specific hybrid grape variety, used for making wine. It has both European and American vine species in its pedigree and a broad resistance against the most significant fungal diseases which affect grapes, such as do ...

Rogers Hybrids

Rogers Hybrids are a group of 45 grape seedlings, thirteen of them named as cultivars, developed by Edward Staniford Rogers of Salem, Massachusetts, in the mid-19th century. Although mostly gone from cultivation now, their success, along with tha ...

Rondo (grape)

Rondo is a dark-skinned grape variety, used for making red wine. It is a hybrid grape or inter-specific crossing. It was created in 1964 by Professor Vilem Kraus in then-Czechoslovakia by crossing the varieties Zarya Severa and St. Laurent. He of ...

Royalty (grape)

Royalty is a rouge Californian wine grape variety that was developed in 1938 by Dr. Harold P. Olmo of the University of California, Davis. The grape is a red fleshed teinturier which, unlike most red wine grapes, will produced red-tinged colored ...

Seyval blanc

Seyval blanc is a hybrid wine grape variety used to make white wines. Its vines ripen early, are productive and are suited to fairly cool climates. Seyval blanc is grown mainly in England, the United States east coast, in the Pacific Northwest, a ...

Seyval noir

Seyval noir is a red hybrid grape variety that was created in the late 19th century by French horticulturalist Bertille Seyve and his father-in-law Victor Villard from a crossing of two Seibel grapes. The pair used the same two variety to create ...

Solaris (grape)

Becker created Solaris by crossing the variety Merzling which is Seyve-villard 5276 x Riesling x Pinot gris) as mother vine with Gm 6493 which is Zarya Severa x Muscat Ottonel as the father vine. Gm 6493 was one of several crossings created in Cz ...

St. Pepin (grape)

St. Pepin is a modern hybrid variety of wine grape, mostly grown in North America. It produces grapes suitable for making fruity white wines similar to Riesling or as a base for blended wines. The grapes also make a good seeded table grape for ea ...

Thomcord

Thomcord is a seedless table grape variety and a hybrid of the popular Thompson Seedless or Sultanina grape and Concord grape. Thomcord was developed in 1983 by Californian grape breeders working for the Agricultural Research Service, an agency o ...

Triomphe dAlsace

Triomphe dAlsace was produced by Eugene Kuhlmann from about 1911 at the Institut Viticole Oberlin at Colmar in Alsace, then a part of Germany. First he crossed the American River Bank Grape, Vitis riparia with another American species, the Bush G ...

Villard grapes

Villard grapes are French wine hybrid grape created by French horticulturist Bertille Seyve and his father-in-law Victor Villard. They include the dark skin Villard noir and the white-wine variety Villard blanc with both being members of the Seyv ...

Zarya severa

Zarya severa is a red grape variety. It is a descendant of the Asiatic wild grape Vitis amurensis and the grape Malingre Precoce and is thus a hybrid vine. The crossing took place at the Potapenko Viticulture Research Institute in Rostov Oblast, ...

Pluot

Pluots, apriums, apriplums, or plumcots, are some of the hybrids between different Prunus species that are also called interspecific plums. Whereas plumcots and apriplums are first-generation hybrids between a plum parent and an apricot, pluots a ...

Prunus × mohacsyana

Prunus × mohacsyana is a hybrid species of cherry. It is a naturally occurring offspring of dwarf cherry, Prunus fruticosa, and introduced sweet cherry, Prunus avium, found where their ranges overlap in Central Europe. Since they are triploid, th ...

Square watermelon

Cube watermelons are watermelons grown into the shape of a cube. Cube watermelons are common in Japan, but they are purely ornamental and are often very expensive, with prices as high as 0.

Piper capense

Piper capense is a species of pepper in the genus Piper. A relative of black pepper, its berries are used as a spice called African long pepper, Ethiopian long pepper, or timiz.

Piper chaba

Piper chaba is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae that is native to South and Southeast Asia. P. chaba is called চুই ঝাল or চই ঝাল in the Khulna Division of Bangladesh, and the states of Tripura and West Bengal in India. P. chaba is found ...

Piper kadsura

Piper kadsura is an East Asian species of pepper vine. It belongs to the magnoliid family Piperaceae. In Japan it is known as fūtōkazura 風藤. It grows only in warm areas, and was used in medicine in the past.

Piper marginatum

Piper marginatum, the cake bush, Anesi wiwiri, marigold pepper, Ti Bombe in Creole or Hinojo, is a plant species in the genus Piper found in moist, shady spots in the Amazon rainforest in Surinam, French Guiana and Brazil. The leaves contain flav ...

Piper novae-hollandiae

Piper novae-hollandiae known as the giant pepper vine is a common climber growing in rainforests of eastern Australia. It is related to the pepper plant. It grows north from Mount Dromedary in southern New South Wales to tropical Queensland. Firs ...

Piper retrofractum

Piper retrofractum, the Balinese long pepper or Javanese long pepper, is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The fruit of Piper retrofractum is similar in ...