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Aruni

Aruni, also referred to as Uddalaka or Uddalaka Aruni, is a revered Vedic sage of Hinduism. He is mentioned in many Vedic era Sanskrit texts, and his philosophical teachings are among the center piece in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad and Chandogya ...

Hosea

In the Hebrew Bible, Hosea, son of Beeri, was an 8th-century BC prophet in Israel who authored the book of prophecies bearing his name. He is one of the Twelve Prophets of the Jewish Hebrew Bible, also known as the Minor Prophets of the Christian ...

Kuttamuwa

Kuttamuwa was an 8th-century BC royal official from Aramean city Samal who ordered an inscribed stele, that was to be erected upon his death. The inscription in Aramaic requested that his mourners commemorate his life and his afterlife with feast ...

Mentuemhat

Mentuemhat was a Theban official from ancient Egypt who lived during the Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt and Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt. He was the Fourth Priest of Amun in Thebes. He is known from many statues and was buried in tomb TT34 of the ...

Micah (prophet)

According to the Hebrew Bible, Micah was a prophet in Judaism and is the author of the Book of Micah. He is considered one of the Twelve Minor Prophets of the Hebrew Bible and was a contemporary of the prophets Isaiah, Amos and Hosea. Micah was f ...

Sargonid dynasty

The Sargonid dynasty was the final ruling dynasty of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, ruling as kings of Assyria for just over a century from the ascent of Sargon II in 722 BC to the fall of Assyria in 609 BC. Although Assyria would ultimately fall durin ...

Yajnavalkya

Yajnavalkya was a Hindu Vedic sage. He is mentioned in the Upanishads, and likely lived in the Videha region of ancient India, approximately between the 8th century BCE, and the 7th century BCE. Yajnavalkya is considered one of the earliest philo ...

Bellovesus

Bellovesus was a Gaulish king. He lived around 600 BCE and is credited to have led the invasion of northern Italy by Gaulish tribes during the legendary reign of the 5th king of Rome, Tarquinius Priscus. However, archeology dates Gaulish expansio ...

Huldah

Huldah was a prophet mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in 2 Kings 22:14–20 and 2 Chronicles 34:22–28. According to Jewish tradition, she was one of the "seven prophetesses", with Sarah, Miriam, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail and Esther. After the discovery ...

Nahum

Nahum was a minor prophet whose prophecy is recorded in the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament. His book comes in chronological order between Micah and Habakkuk in the Bible. He wrote about the end of the Assyrian Empire, and its capital city, Nineveh ...

Abradatas

Abradatas was a king, probably fictional, of Susa, known to us from Xenophons partly fictional biography of Cyrus the Great, the Cyropaedia. According to it, he was an ally of the Assyrians against Cyrus the Great, while Cyrus was still a vassal ...

Jambuka

Jambuka is an ascetic described in the 70th verse of the Dhammapada, a Buddhist text. Jambuka was the son of a wealthy man in Savatthi, who was born with peculiar habits due to negative karma accrued from past lives. In his childhood, he showed a ...

Autophradates

Autophradates was a Persian Satrap of Lydia, who also distinguished himself as a general in the reign of Artaxerxes III and Darius III.

Docimus

Antigonos Dokimos, commonly shortened and Latinized as Docimus, was one of the officers in the Macedonian army. After the death of Alexander the Great 323 BC he supported the party of Perdiccas. Docimus was tasked with capturing Babylon, while Pe ...

Pharnuches of Lycia

Pharnuches was a Lycian appointed by Alexander the Great to command the force sent into Sogdiana against Spitamenes in 329 BC. The result of the expedition was disastrous, with the destruction of the whole army. Pharnuches had been entrusted with ...

Polemon (son of Andromenes)

Polemon, son of Andromenes the Stymphaean, was a Macedonian officer in the service of Alexander the Great. The great intimacy between him and Philotas caused him to be suspected in 330 BC, together with his brothers Amyntas, Attalus, and Simmias, ...

Teutamus

Teutamus is also a spider genus Liocranidae Teutamus was a Macedonian officer, who, in 319 BC, shared with Antigenes the command of the select troops called the Argyraspids. Of the services by which he had earned this distinguished post we know n ...

Anuruddha

Anuruddha was the son of Amitodana and brother to Mahanama. Since Amitodana was the brother of Suddhodana, king of the Sakyas in Kapilavastu, Anuruddha was cousin to Siddhartha, Gautama Buddha. He was a kshatriya by birth, enabling him to be rais ...

Attius Tullius

Attius Tullius was a political and military leader of the Volsci in the early fifth century BC, who sheltered the exiled Roman hero Gaius Marcius Coriolanus, then incited a war with Rome, in which he and Coriolanus led the Volscian forces. He app ...

Kheriga

Kheriga was a Dynast of Lycia, who ruled circa 450-410 BCE. Kheriga is mentioned on the succession list of the Xanthian Obelisk, and is probably the owner of the sarcophagus that was standing on top of it. Kheriga was son of Harpagus Arppakhu in ...

Nanda (half-brother of Buddha)

Prince Nanda, also known as Sundarananda, was the younger half-brother of the Buddha. He shared the same father as the Buddha, King Suddhodana, and his mother, Mahapajapati Gotami, was the Buddhas mothers younger sister. The Buddhas biological mo ...

Pythius

Pythius is a Lydian mentioned in book VII of Herodotus Histories, chh. 27-29 and 38-39. He is the son of Atys, and the grandson of Croesus, the last native king of Lydia before the Persian conquest. The Persian king Xerxes I, son of Darius I, enc ...

Siaspiqa

Siaspiqa was a ruler of the Kushite kingdom of Meroe reigning for close to twenty years in the first half of the 5th century BC. Very little is known of Siaspiqas activities beyond the construction of his pyramid at Nuri, now known as Nuri 4. The ...

Andromachus (son of Achaeus)

Andromachus was an Anatolian nobleman of Greek Macedonian and Persian descent. Andromachus was the son of Achaeus who was a wealthy nobleman who owned estates in Anatolia. His family was influential in Anatolia and had strong royal connections. A ...

Bomilcar (3rd century BC)

Bomilcar was a Carthaginian commander in the Second Punic War. He was the commander of the Carthaginian supplies which were voted to Hannibal after the Battle of Cannae 216 BC and with which he arrived in Italy in the ensuing year. They amounted ...

Dharmaraksita

For the teacher of Atisa, see Dharmaraksita 9th century. Dharmaraksita, was one of the missionaries sent by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka to proselytize Buddhism. He is described as being a Greek in the Mahavamsa, and his activities are indicative o ...

Epicydes

Epicydes or Epikudês was a Carthaginian general in the Second Punic War. A Syracusan by origin, he was born and educated at Carthage as the son of a Carthaginian mother. His grandfather, after having been banished by Agathocles, had settled at Ca ...

Hanno, son of Hannibal

Before the Battle of Agrigentum, Hannibal Gisco was in the city of Agrigentum, besieged by the Romans, and Hanno was sent to provide relief. Hanno concentrated his troops at Heraclea Minoa and captured the Roman supply base at Herbesos. He told h ...

Kātyāyana

Kātyāyana also spelled as Katyayana was a Sanskrit grammarian, mathematician and Vedic priest who lived in ancient India.

Leonnorius

Leonnorius was one of the leaders of the Celts in their invasion of Macedonia and the adjoining countries. When the main body under Brennus marched southwards into Macedonia and Greece 279 BC, Leonnorius and Lutarius led a detachment, twenty-thou ...

Panthoides

Panthoides was a dialectician and philosopher of the Megarian school. He concerned himself with "the logical part of philosophy", and at some point taught the Peripatetic philosopher Lyco of Troas. He wrote a book called On Ambiguities, against w ...

Theodotus Hemiolius

Theodotus Hemiolius was a general in the service of king Antiochus III the Great, who was sent by the king in 222 BC, together with Xenon, against Molon, satrap of Media, who had raised the standard of revolt in the eastern provinces of the Seleu ...

Tian Dan

Tian Dan was a general and nobleman of the major state of Qi during the Warring States period of ancient China. He was known for a spectacular military tactic called "Fire Cattle Columns". After the kingdom was nearly destroyed under the rule of ...

Timosthenes

In the 280s-270s BCE, Timosthenes served as the admiral and chief pilot of the Ptolemaic navy of King Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt. He wrote a periplus a book of sailing directions in ten books now lost, and was much admired and cited by othe ...

Tivala

Tivala, also referred to as Tivara, was a son of Maurya Emperor Ashoka from his second queen, Karuvaki. He is the only son of Ashoka who is mentioned by name in his inscriptions, along with his mother, in the Queen Edict.He was the favourite chil ...

Bacchides (general)

Bacchides was a Hellenistic Greek general; friend of the Syrian-Greek king Demetrius; and "ruler in the country beyond the river" - Euphrates. Demetrius sent him in 161 BCE to Judea with a large army, in order to invest the recreant Alcimus with ...

Ballaios

Ballaios was an Illyrian king of the Ardiaei. Ballaios was not mentioned by any ancient writers. Ballaios is considered to have been a powerful and influential king as testified by the abundance of his silver and bronze coinage found along both c ...

Gaius Blossius

This article is about the ally of Tiberius Gracchus. For the Campanian family from which he descended, see Blossia gens. Gaius Blossius was, according to Plutarch, a philosopher and student of the Stoic philosopher Antipater of Tarsus, from the c ...

Gordius of Cappadocia

Gordius, a Cappadocian by birth, was the instrument of Mithridates Eupator, king of Pontus, in his attempts to annex Cappadocia to Pontus. Gordius was employed by him, in 116 BC, to murder Ariarathes VI, king of Cappadocia. Gordius was afterwards ...

Gorgias (general)

After Judas Maccabeuss forces defeated the Seleucid army at the Battle of Beth Horon, they were determined to send a stronger force against him. According to 1 Maccabees iii. 38, which Josephus follows "The Antiquities of the Jews" xii. 7, § 3, i ...

Mahadharmaraksita

Mahadhammarakkhita was a Greek Buddhist master, who lived during the 2nd century BCE during the reign of the Indo-Greek king Menander. In the Mahavamsa, a key Pali historical text, he is recorded as having travelled from" Alasandra”, with 30.000 ...

Andronicus ben Meshullam

Andronicus ben Meshullam, a Jewish scholar of the 2nd century BCE. According to Josephus, he was the representative of the Jews in their religious dispute with the Samaritans, which was held before King Ptolemy VI Philometor, about the year 150 B ...

Artemidoros Aniketos

Artemidoros Aniketos was a king who ruled in the area of Gandhara and Pushkalavati in modern northern Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Artemidorus Ephesius

Artemidorus of Ephesus was a Greek geographer, who flourished around 100 BC. His work in eleven books is often quoted by Strabo. What was thought to be a fragment of his work was determined to be a forgery.

Chen Tang

At approximately 36 BC, the governor of the Western Regions was Gan Yanshou. His deputy commander, Chen Tang claimed that Zhizhi was planning to build up a great empire and proposed a pre-emptive attack. Gan Yanshou objected; but he soon fell ill ...

Gauson

Gauson was a semi-legendary Astur general who fought the Romans in the Astur-Cantabrian Wars. Little is known about Gauson due to the lack of classical sources, but historical codexes, oral tradition and other several sources do mention his prese ...

Taxiles (general)

Taxiles was a general in the service of Mithridates VI of Pontus, and one of those in whom he reposed the highest confidence. He is first mentioned in 86 BC, when he was sent by Mithridates, with an army of not less than 110.000 men, to make his ...

Lucius Septimius Flavianus Flavillianus

Lucius Septimius Flavianus Flavilatus was from Oenoanda in the region of Lycia and lived in the 3rd century AD. Some of his achievements are documented by inscriptions in the base of a statue, discovered on the site of Oenoanda in 2002. He was an ...

Murrah ibn Kab

Murrah ibn Kab ibn Luay ibn Ghalib ibn Fihr ibn Malik was a man from Quraysh tribe, supposed to have lived in the 4th century. He was the sixth-in-line of Muhammads grandfathers. He is the common ancestor of all four of Muhammads grandparents. He ...

Honoratus Antoninus

Honoratus Antoninus was a bishop of Constantia in the Roman province of Africa. He was alive during the persecution of the Catholics by the Vandal king Genseric in the 5th century, around the year 437. He is the author of a letter titled Epistola ...